Cape Girardeau Street Smarts: A Step-By-Step Guide to Road Construction

About 20 percent of Cape Girardeau’s roads are in need of significant repair. Issues such as erosion, age, buckling concrete and potholes impact the state of the roads we drive on. The City of Cape Girardeau has a step-by-step process for completing road repairs.

Step One: Analysis

City Inspectors are out year-round inspecting the conditions that Cape Girardeau drivers face, ready to tackle the worst of our road issues. The inspectors use software called Micro
Paver that ranks road conditions on a scale of zero to 100. Every road is divided into sections for evaluation, and each section of road helps determine the value of the road’s condition according to MicroPaver.

Unfortunately, not every road that needs repairs can be fixed at the same time, so the City has to prioritize which roads are in need of the most repairs. Road selection is based on many factors including the severity of defects and traffic volume of the route, among others.

Step Two: Design

Once a new road repair need is established and funding secured, the project must be designed and specifics of the project must be determined.

Members of the Public Works and Engineering departments work together to design the project and address issues that may arise, such as underground utilities and other contingencies. These specifics are compiled onto the construction plans and into a “spec book” that also explains the conditions of the future contract between the City and the contractor once the project is awarded.

Step Three: Bidding

Once the plans and spec book are completed, the City advertises for contractors to bid. Interested parties meet with the City to discuss the specifics of the project, the conditions of the bidding process and other necessary information at a pre-bid meeting.

Once bids are received and opened, the lowest, most responsive bidder is presented to the City Council for award. After being awarded the project, the contractor has 15 days to turn in the necessary contracts, insurance information and other paperwork.

Step Four: Construction Begins

As the contractor works on the project, City Inspectors act as the City’s eyes in the field. Inspectors supervise the project to make sure that the project is being completed as agreed upon and shown on the plans, and that any issues that arise can be addressed as soon as possible. The construction process and timeline depends on the scope of the project being completed and may take anywhere from a few months to more than a year to complete.

Step Five: Finalizing the Project

It’s easy to think that once a road is reopened to drivers that the project is complete, but that isn’t always the case. In fact, it may take weeks or months of finalizing punch list items and paperwork before the project is considered complete.

Once construction ends, City Inspectors complete semi-final and final walk throughs with members of Engineering, Public Works, and other City staff as necessary. Once the road is determined drivable and any remaining work can be completed safely, it opens to the public for passage.

Behind the scenes, the contractors are submitting final pay applications and fixing issues that may have occurred during construction such as damaged sidewalks or driveways, or landscaping issues. Once the issues are addressed, the project is brought to before the City Council for acceptance into the City’s infrastructure and final payment is authorized to the contractor.

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The City of Cape Girardeau manages 233 miles of road year-round and is aware of issues that arise on roadways. While approximately 80 percent of roads in Cape Girardeau are considered good, fair or satisfactory, many roads are in need of improvements, but the City has a step-by-step process to combat needed road repairs.

If you think that your street needs repairs that the city hasn’t addressed, report those problems on our website.

Read on: More information about Cape Girardeau’s streets and street repair

Road Construction Process

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